The ABC's of CBD - Weddington Wellness Center

The ABC’s of CBD

KEY BENEFITS OF CBD: Cannabidiol (CBD) influences receptors in the endocannaboid system that is found throughout the body associated with cellular and physiological responses to hormones, neurotransmitters and environmental stimulants. CBD promotes calm feelings and assists cognitive functions which supports a positive mood. Aids in restful sleep. Relaxes tense muscles and can assist with improved digestive functions.


Since 2900 BC, marijuana has been used to treat pain and other ailments. Over recent years, the rules and regulations of marijuana and cannabidiol (CBD) have changed. Some states have passed the legalization of marijuana. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a product basically new on the market. In the past, CBD had been an illegal controlled substance in all 50 states of America. The Agriculture Improvement Act, aka, Farm Bill of 2018, signed into law that CBD hemp is now removed from the Controlled Substances Act. Though some forms (as food) are restricted in some states, hemp and hemp derivatives (CBD) are now federally legal in the entire United States. In the last decade, information and advertisements about CBD has infiltrated our markets. Everyone is hearing about it and everyone sees it being sold everywhere. Buyers beware because it is also very profitable business, and if sold from the wrong companies, the processing and quality can be lost.

The general public is confused about its legality and its safety. The doctors and the communities are feeling pressured to be a part of the fast selling product. Its relationship to marijuana is the biggest setback and the benefits are not clear. CBD and marijuana’s THC are different, and the CBD portion of the plant is highly regarded as beneficial for many conditions.

CBD is a cannabidiol compound, richly extracted from the Cannabis Sativa L. plant. It is different than the psychoactive THC Cannabis Indica plant. Both cannaboids connect to receptor sites on the neurological system. Indica THC (not CBD), reaches the endocannaboid system in the brain and peripheral tissues via CB1 receptors and is the psychogenic portion. The endocannaboid system of the CBD is connected to the receptors of the CB2 sites of the immune system and blood systems and is NOT the psychogenic “high”.

The receptors of CB2 are highly activated by the CBD and provide analgesic pain management, neuropathic cognitive and behavioral management. Dr. Nicole Spear from Designs For Health Corporation, states that new hope is currently researched to assist patients suffering from Multiple Sclerosis, Arthritis, Diabetes and cancer. In mice, inflammatory processes from edema, tumor growth and digestive disturbances have shown suppression. Other studies are finding reduction in symptoms from Epileptic seizures, Parkinson’s, Cerebral Palsy and Alzheimer’s patients. Also, the average person suffering from joint pain, muscle spasm, stomach distress, migraines, insomnia and anxiety show promising results as well. With appropriate dosing, it has been found to be safe and effective for all ages.

For the consumer, finding the best product is confusing. The CBD should come from American farms grown organically and free from heavy metals and chemicals. All products display milligrams, millimeters and or hemp oil content. Full spectrum phytocannaboids are the main ingredient to look for. It is the potency part of the plant which is found in its aerial part. The stalk and stem also have the oil and it is generally the suspension part. A product may say it contains 100 mg of hemp oil but only 10-15mg of actual phytocannaboids. Make sure the company is using full spectrum, cold pressed extraction, so it maintains its potency. Find products that are non-GMO, pesticide free and provide proof of sourcing and product lot phytocannaboid content information. Also, a third-party lab should be involved in testing the quality. Remember, regulated medicinal non-psychogenic hemp is below 0.03% THC. On the contrast, marijuana is high in the psychogenic THC and can reach a concentration from 20-99%THC.

CBD administration is broad and varied. Inhalation, nasal sprays, topical, sublingual and ingestion are all effective methods. Inhalation through the lungs or nasal pathways delivers the quickest immediate effects. Inhalers are not legal in all 50 states. In North Carolina, soft gels, sublingual drops, suppositories, gummies and transdermal patches are available. There are topical adhesive patches blended with botanicals and CBD. CBD can be infused in coffee, chocolate, (and other foods), skin care products and massage creams. There are so many avenues to help you!

Please note, there is NOT an official serving size of CBD. “Take one dropper of CBD per day” is not the best way to follow. The weight, body chemistry, age, concentration and severity of the condition are all major factors for dosing. If a tincture bottle says 30ml and it has 1500mg CBD then it is 50mg per dropper. A good rule of thumb is 1-6mg of CBD for every 10lbs body weight 2x/day. Dosing is always recommended to start at lowest amount first. A dosage for a 100 lb. person is 10 mg of a phytocannaboid, so in that tincture 1/5 dropper is a good start. Gradual increase can be made if needed after weekly adaptation. For the average person exceeding 30mg. is not suggested.

CBD at levels of 200-300mg is warranted for an epileptic patient but never for simple use. Neuroscientist Nick Jikomes of Leafly research, explains that the receptor sites also become resistant and can change amount needed. This can shift an individual’s needs over time. Dosage does not seem accurate for vapes and tinctures or creams but the most accurate is by capsule or ingestion. Digestive variances can hinder absorption, but it is still the easiest to monitor.

Getting the correct dosage is individualized and caution should take place. Researchers have found that at dosages in excess of 600 mg. can have side effects. Though high blood pressure may be beneficial, those with low blood pressure can suffer even further decline. Low blood pressure can cause dizziness and poor blood flow. Other side effects from excess dosage are dry mouth, diarrhea, changes in appetite, drowsiness and fatigue. CBD can interact with medications. Consult your physician if you have an existing medical condition. Though CBD is proven helpful for epilepsy it may be adverse for Parkinson’s patients. Therefore, it is NOT for everyone.

Not many conventional physicians know about CBD benefits. Many neurologists and functional medicine holistic doctors have read the research and provide information to their patients about CBD. It is not a cure, but, with further funding and research, it will continue to help millions of people who have debilitating symptoms. In other states and countries, CBD and THC combined have shown assistance for many who suffer. Currently in the state of North Carolina, CBD is now an opportunity for someone to safely and legally better their quality of life that they deserve.

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